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Cervical Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a general term that refers to a range of symptoms caused by the narrowing of the spinal canal. The spinal canal is a long tunnel that runs down the spine behind the body of vertebral column. The spinal canal contains the spinal cord and nerve roots. With age, injury or degeneration, the spinal canal may be narrowed by compressing the spinal cord and nerve roots. When this condition is affected near the neck, then it is referred to as cervical canal stenosis when low back is affected its called lumbar canal stenosis and upper back narrowing is called dorsal canal stenosis.

Cervical Spinal Stenosis

At Kovilpatti Venkateswara Hospital, we provide the most advanced and sophisticated diagnostics and treatments techniques for patients with spinal cord trauma and injuries. We bring together a multidisciplinary team of highly qualified and well experienced medical and surgical specialists who offer patients safe and effective treatments and rehabilitative programs to offer the intact continuum of care for the spine patient.

Causes of spinal stenosis

  • Overgrowth of bone or bone spurs following aging, wear and tear.
  • Spondylolisthesis, where one vertebrae slips over other, can also lead to cord or nerve compression.
  • Thickened ligaments that hold the bones may become stiff and bulge into the spinal canal.
  • Abnormal growth inside the spinal cord (tumors).
  • Spinal injuries caused by an accident.

Symptoms caused by the compression of the spinal cord and nerves

  • Pain and weakness on the arms, hands or legs.
  • Bladder incontinence.
  • Lose of balance when standing up or walking.
  • Lack of coordination.
  • Radiating neck, shoulder, arm, forearm pain.
  • Radiating lower limb pain.
  • Numbness, tingling sensation, and weakness.

Diagnosing cervical spinal stenosis

The neurosurgeon or spinal surgeon determine the cause of symptoms and conduct several radiological investigations including computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and myelogram.

Treatment for cervical spinal stenosis

Spinal canal stenosis is treated using conservative methods including medications to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), steroids and drugs for neuropathy are used to relieve pain as well as reduce inflammation and swelling.

Non-invasive treatments include physiotherapy and osteopathy to relax tight muscles and ease pain or discomfort. Physical therapy helps build up the strength and endurance, maintain the flexibility and stability of the spine and improve the balance.

Minimally invasive treatment includes a nerve sheath injection, during which a local anesthesia may be injected around the compressed nerve for both diagnostic and therapeutic value.

An invasive or Cervical Stenosis surgery is performed for severe conditions to relieve the pressure on the spinal cord and nerves and to help strengthen the spine.

Cervical surgical methods include:

  • Anterior cervical decompression and fusion
  • Cervical laminectomy
  • Keyhole foraminotomy
  • Posterior cervical decompression and fusion
  • For dorsal and lumbar spine:
  • Posterior decompression
  • Posterior stabilisation and decompression
  • Global fusion

At Kovilpatti Venkateswara Hospital, we offer have the best and latest medical facilities with a team of experienced doctors, surgeons and staffs to provide all round care and support to the patients. To know more about spinal stenosis treatment services and treatment cost, book an appointment now.

                        Authored By  Dr.S.Dhamodaran - MBBS  Orthopaedic surgeon, Kovilpatti

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