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Spinal Disc Problems

The spine is composed of individual bony vertebrae and soft disc stacked alternately one on top of the other and provides overall support to the body. A healthy spine has strong muscles and bones, flexible tendons, ligaments and sensitive nerves. A strain, injury or disease affecting any of these structures associated with the spine can lead to spine problems. Spinal intervertebral discs act as a shock absorber and allow bending and twisting of the spine. The spinal discs are filled with highly dense gel-like material that absorbs shocks and loads and also makes the spine flexible. The spinal discs protect the nerves that run down and pass out of each level of the spinal column. 

Spinal Disc Problems

Types of spinal disc problems

The most common spinal disc problem is a prolapsed, slipped or herniated disc when the outer rim of disc tears and the inner spinal disc's gel-like substance bulges out into spinal canal compressing the spinal cord or nerve roots resulting in pain, weakness, numbness, loss of function depending on degree of prolapse and region involved. Other types of spinal disc problems include degenerative disc disease when the spinal disc shrinks as we get older, injury from accidents, infection, and cancers that affect the spine.

Symptoms associated with spinal disc problems include severe back pain that may extend into one or both legs. When the slipped disc presses on a nerve, severe pain is experienced from the neck-thru to shoulder, arm, forearm to fingers in upper limbs and from the back radiating into the hips, buttocks, and legs in lower limbs. The pressure on the nerve may cause numbness and tingling effect.

Causes of spinal disc problems

The common causes of spinal disc problems include:

  • Frequent lifting of heavy weights or strenuous physical activity
  • Prolonged sitting and standing
  • Obesity, inactivity leading to loss of muscle and ligaments strength
  • Abnormal loading of back in an uncomfortable position
  • Inadvertent twisting, bending

Diagnosis of spinal disc problems

Diagnosis usually involves clinical examination and checking the movements of the spine and legs to check the muscle strength, flexibility and reflexes. Tests including X-rays, CT scan or MRI scan are recommended to confirm and understand the cause of spinal disc problems.

Treatment of spinal disc problems

The treatment method adopted depends on the cause and severity of the symptoms. At Kovilpatti Venkateswara Hospital, we provide the most advanced management, bringing together a multidisciplinary team of highly qualified and well experienced medical, surgical, physical therapist specialists who offer patients safe and effective treatments and rehabilitative programs to offer the intact continuum of care for the spine patient.

Various Spinal Disc Treatment methods are adopted and customized for faster recovery from various causes of spinal disc problems. These include:

  • prescription painkillers to ease pain caused by a slipped or degenerative spinal disc
  • muscle relaxants for a muscle spasm
  • physical treatments including a simple massage and physiotherapy under the supervision of an expert physiotherapist
  • Surgery is only recommended depending on the age, symptoms, and success of other treatments, including conventional open surgeries as well as endoscopic transforaminal and interlaminar spine surgeries where the patients get back home next day.

At Kovilpatti Venkateswara Hospital, we offer surgical and non-surgical treatment procedure for a safe and effective treatment approach to resolve all spinal disc problems. To know more about Spinal disc Surgeries , problems and treatment services, book an appointment now.

 

                          Authored By  Dr.S.Dhamodaran - MBBS  Orthopaedic surgeon, Kovilpatti

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